Pong was one of the oldest arcade video games. It is a tennis game that features simple two-dimensional graphics. The main aim of the game was to score higher points and defeat the opponent player in a simulated game of table tennis. Although strictly not the first ever released video game, it

was definitely one of the first arcade video games to achieve mainstream popularity. Pong was originally manufactured and released by Atari Incorporated in 1972.

Pong became hugely popular within a very short period of time and was the first game to enjoy major commercial success, which led to the birth of the video games industry. Within a short period of Pong's release, many other companies started to produce games that were based on the basic principles of Pong and developed new forms of games. This propelled Atari to develop more innovative games. Atari then released many sequel games that had additional features but were based on the game's original format. Atari also released a home version of Pong during the winter of 1975 exclusively through the Sears retail stores. The home version also enjoyed great commercial success and numerous copies of the game were made.


How to play Pong

Pong is a simulated game of table tennis that features two-dimensional graphics. The player has to control an in-game paddle and move it vertically across the left half of the screen to compete either against a computerized opponent or another player monitoring a second paddle on the other side. Players hit the ball back and forth by controlling the paddles. A player should try to score more points than the opponent. Points can be earned when the opponent fails to return the ball.

The legacy and impact of Pong

The Pong arcade game became very popular with the patrons of Andy Capp's Tavern; people flocked in the bar just for playing the game. Since its release, the revenue earned by Pong was four times more than that of other contemporary coin-operated machines. Co-founder of Atari Nolan Bushnell presented an estimate according to which Pong earned almost US$35 to $40 per day, which at that time was almost unprecedented in the coin-operated entertainment industry. The number of orders Atari received for the game increased day by day due to its popularity and revenue earning capacity. By 1974, the number of units sold by Atari exceeded 8000. Home Pong also

enjoyed massive commercial since its release in 1975. Similar games like Pong were also introduced in the market after some time.

Nolan Bushnell realized that the ideal way to cope up with competition was to create even better games than Pong and thus released several sequels to the original game in the following years, such as Super Pong, Pong Doubles, Pin- Pong and Quadrapong. These games featured similar graphics but included new playing elements that made the game more challenging than the original one.